The use of natural silk for making luxury dresses and fashion accessories goes back many centuries.
Silk has its own measure, which refers to the density of silk, called Mommes. For example, a Habotai 8 silk is superior to Habotai 5.5, and by touch we can notice the difference in the tightness and density of the fabric.
But how can it be that, coming from a species of worms, some finishes are obtained or others? The manufacture of the silk fabric is done like any other fabric, using a loom. Depending on the thickness of the thread, the twist of it and the way it is interwoven in the loom determine the type of final silk.
Habotai, Pongé o Pongée: From Chinese "Pen-shi" which is the name of the loom where this silk was woven, or from Japanese, "Habutai" which means soft. It is a very versatile silk, soft to the touch and light fall. Ideal for all those artists who make hand painted silk scarves. This is why it is usually manufactured in white, so that later, with silk-screen printing, digital printing or by hand, the final design can be applied. It is a type of silk that resists steam and washing better than other silks.
Bourrette: Also known as rustic or wild silk, since it is produced from wild silk cocoons where the butterfly has hatched and therefore the cocoon is broken. This means that, although the threads have the same quality, they are shorter and sometimes there are loose threads (flock) that can be seen in the final fabric, giving that more rustic touch.
Shantung: Also known as rustic or wild silk, since it is produced from wild silk cocoons where the butterfly has hatched and therefore the cocoon is broken. This means that, although the threads have the same quality, they are shorter and sometimes there are loose threads (flock) that can be seen in the final fabric, giving that more rustic touch.
Crepe: From Latin Crispus: curly. Woven with the thread more twisted than the weft, it is a more compact and resistant silk than others, and has a characteristic streaked appearance, a little wrinkled and less shiny than other types of silk. Although there are many types of silk Crepe, such as India, the one made in Morocco or the Crepe Georgette, the best known is the Crepe de Chine, with a rougher texture and very resistant.
Twill: Soft to the touch, it is a very dense and resistant type of silk. In its weaving technique, three threads of the warp and three threads of the weft are rotated in several interlaced that are constantly repeated forming diagonal rows. It was a very popular fabric during the modernist era, and today it is the most common silk in the manufacture of square silk ties or neckerchiefs.
Satin or satén: Possibly the most widespread and well-known silk. As dense and resistant as Twill silk, but the weaving technique is different and therefore the final fabric is smooth, without diagonal lines. It is characterized by its softness, elegant fall and have a very bright face and matte back.
Gasa: Originally from Gaza City. Of very little density, it is a very fine silk fabric used in haute couture to make veils, blouses, dresses and scarves. Fine, elegant and delicate.
Jacquard: This type of silk fabric owes its name to its creator, Joseph Marie Jacquard, who in the early 19th century created a loom with which to make designs on the silk itself using different types of silk threads and colors. This type of silk, of brocade type, is woven directly with the design and forms required. It is not painted or printed later, but the fabric is made directly with the brocade.
Tul: The difference of this type of silk is that the weft is not used in its manufacture, only the warp. The result is a very light and transparent fabric. It is mainly used in wedding dresses and veils and haute couture dresses. Nowadays, the industry of non-natural fabrics such as polyester or viscose, uses typical silk terms to call their fabrics. That's why we can find polyester satin, chiffon or twill scarves, but don't let them give you away, natural silk is a world apart and of a higher quality.
For the manufacture of our silk scarves for men and women, we have chosen Habotai Silk for its great versatility. We have recently incorporated Chiffon Silk scarves, which have an exquisite finish and touch, and within a very short time you will have a collection of Satin Silk scarves, of a superb elegance.
As we are finding different silks that satisfy our quality standards, we are incorporating new collections of head scarves, neckerchiefs and scarves for the neck that can be used by both men and women.